FAA2.A The Application : 06 Budgetary Units with Special Circumstances
Budgetary Units with Special Circumstances
Information on this page refers to the Nutrition Assistance program Information on this page refers to the Cash Assistance program
Certain people, when applying together or alone, make up a budgetary unit(g) with special circumstances.
Policy
Budgetary units with special circumstances may receive certain considerations when eligibility for benefits is being determined or when they are using their benefits. See each of the following for detailed information:
Boarders
A boarder is a person who pays someone for providing a room and meals. Boarders are not eligible to receive NA as a separate budgetary unit from the budgetary unit providing the room and meals. The boarder is included as a participant in the budgetary unit that provides the room and meals when both of the following apply:
The boarder pays reasonable compensation for meals.
When less than reasonable compensation is paid for lodging and meals, the following apply:
The applicant is not considered a boarder.
The applicant is a mandatory NA participant and is required to be included in the NA budgetary unit.
The budgetary unit chooses to include the boarder as a participant.
When the boarder is participating in the NA budgetary unit, all of the following apply:
The boarder's income and resources are countable when determining eligibility for the budgetary unit.
The boarder's rental payment is not counted as income or as a resource to the budgetary unit.
The boarder's rental payment is allowable as a shelter expense.
When the boarder is not participating in the NA budgetary unit, both of the following apply:
The boarder's income or resources is not countable when determining eligibility for the budgetary unit.
The boarder's rental payment is countable as income of the participant who receives the payment.
Elderly or Has a Disability - NA Special Considerations
NA participants who are elderly or have a disability receive special considerations when budgeting and determining eligibility for their NA case, unless they are disqualified for any reason.
An NA participant is considered an elderly participant or a participant with a disability when they meet at least one of the following:
Is 60 years of age or older. The participant is considered elderly for NA in the month they turn 60.
When a participant turns 60, FAA sends the Request for Medical Expenses notice. Medical expenses are allowable as a deduction for NA participants who are elderly or have a disability.
Receives SSI benefits under Title XVI or SSA disability or benefits for the blind under Title I, II, X, XIV, or XVI of the Social Security Act.
Certified for, but not actually receiving SSI or RSDI, are considered a participant with a disability when they present an SSA Disability Notice or when they have been approved for either of the following:
SSI presumptive disability payments
SSI emergency advanced payments
NOTE A participant may remain certified for disability benefits when their checks are entirely recouped to recover an overpayment. When this is the case, the participant meets the disability criteria.
Receives long term disability payments from the Arizona State Retirement System (ASRS).
Is a veteran with a service connected or nonservice connected disability. The Veterans Administration (VA) would have rated the disability as total or paid as total under Title 38 of the U.S. Code.
Is a veteran that the VA considers to be in need of regular aid and attendance, or permanently housebound under Title 38 of the U.S. Code.
Is a veteran's surviving spouse(g) and considered in need of aid and attendance or permanently housebound under Title 38 of the U.S. Code. (There is no requirement that they receive payments from the VA.)
Is a veteran's surviving spouse or child who the VA considers to be entitled to benefits for a service-connected death or pension benefits for a nonservice connected death under Title 38 of the U.S. Code. In addition, the surviving spouse or child has a disability considered to be permanent under Section 221(i) of the Social Security Act. There is no requirement that the survivor actually receive entitled VA benefits.
NOTE Entitled to benefits means they are approved for the benefits, whether they are or are not receiving the benefits yet.
Receives disability retirement benefits from a federal, state or local government agency because of a disability considered permanent under Section 221(i) of the Social Security Act.
For participants to be considered disabled under Section 221(i) of the Social Security Act, verification of the disability is required. The SSA’s list of permanent disabilities can be located by completing an online search for Listing of Impairments.
Receives a disability annuity under Section 2(a)(1)(v) of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1974 and meets either of the following conditions:
Has been determined eligible for Medicare by the Railroad Retirement board.
Is considered a person with a disability based on the criteria used under Title XVI of the Social Security Act.
Receives Medicare under Title XIX, Part A of the Social Security Act.
Receives disability compensation through the Federal Employee Compensation Act (FECA).
Approved for AHCCCS Long Term Care System (ALTCS).
Elderly participants and participants who have a disability may participate as a separate NA case when they have a disability that prevents them from purchasing and preparing food separately from other participants in their home.
NA participants who are elderly or have a disability, receive the following considerations:
A special resource limit.
A deduction for medical expenses when their medical expenses are more than $35 per month.
A deduction for the entire amount of their excess shelter expenses. Their NA case has no maximum shelter limit.
They are not subject to the Gross Income Standard.
NOTE Separate NA budgetary units, who live with participants that are elderly or participants with a disability who are unable to buy and cook food alone, are subject to the Elderly or Disabled Gross Income Standard at 165% of Poverty Level. (For more information, see Optional NA Participants.)
They are exempt from work registration. For work registration exemptions, see NA Work Requirement Exemptions.
Elderly participants may be eligible to receive NA under a group living arrangement (GLA) when living in federally subsidized housing for the elderly.
Participants with a disability may be eligible when living under a GLA(g).
FAA calculates NA benefits using specific rules when the NA case includes someone who is elderly or has a disability. Special considerations do not apply to participants who are disqualified from NA participation for any reason.
Foster Care - NA Budgetary Unit
Foster care participants are not eligible to receive NA as separate budgetary units.
The NA budgetary unit has the option to include the foster care participant in their budgetary unit. This applies even when the foster care participant is related to the NA participant.
NOTE When the foster care participant is included in the budgetary unit, foster care payments are countable income.
Homeless Budgetary Units
A homeless budgetary unit may live in a temporary shelter for the homeless, a half-way house, or similar facility.
A homeless budgetary unit residing in a public or private nonprofit shelter where up to three meals per day are provided, can apply, and be found eligible for NA.
Special considerations for homeless budgetary units include, and not limited to, all of the following:
Exempt from ABAWD Work Requirements
Qualify for the Restaurant Meals Program
Allowed the NA Homeless shelter deduction instead of the excess shelter deduction when it is to the benefit of the budgetary unit
Allowable shelter expenses for homeless budgetary units include, and are not limited to, all of the following:
Rent and taxes on a motel or hotel room
Fees for a campground space
Vehicle insurance (both comprehensive and collision are allowable) when the participant is living in the vehicle
Vehicle payments when the participant is living in the vehicle
For NA, when the homeless budgetary unit is temporarily living with others, both of the following apply:
When the homeless participant states they are planning on residing in the home for less than 90 calendar days, and that they buy and prepare food separately from those with whom they are temporarily residing, they are granted separate budgetary unit status.
When a budgetary unit continues to live in the same residence for 90 calendar days or more, the budgetary unit is not considered homeless.
Certain budgetary units are required to apply together. See NA Participation for more information on who is required to be included in the budgetary unit.
A Homeless Meal Provider is a public or private nonprofit establishment which feeds homeless persons. This includes, and is not limited to, soup kitchens and temporary homeless shelters. When the establishment receives donated food items from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the establishment must also purchase and serve other food.
A homeless budgetary unit can use their NA benefits to purchase prepared meals in any of the following:
Shelters
Soup kitchens
Other public or private nonprofit establishments that feed the homeless
A homeless participant needs to have a valid mailing address in order to receive important communications from FAA. When the homeless participant cannot receive mail at the address of a friend or family member, their mail is sent to a valid United States Postal Service (USPS) General Delivery location.
Migrant Farm Workers
A migrant farm worker is a person who travels away from home on a regular basis to seek work in a field related to agriculture. Consider migrant farm workers in the work stream from the time they leave their home until they return. Migrant farm workers are exempt from NA work requirements when they meet any of the following criteria:
They are in the work stream.
They are under contract to begin work within 30 calendar days.
Migrant worker budgetary units may have income that is averaged on an annual basis or averaged over the period the income is intended to cover. FAA determines how the income is budgeted and whether the migrant worker budgetary unit is destitute.
The budgetary unit is considered a migrant farm worker budgetary unit when any participant is engaged in migrant farm labor during the approval period.
Migrant farm worker budgetary units may be eligible for NA expedited services and have verification postponed.
Migrant farm workers are considered as seasonal farm workers when both of the following apply:
They are in the work stream
They are in their home project area
For more information, see Seasonal Farm Workers.
For CA, migrant farm workers are considered residents of Arizona when both of the following apply:
They are not receiving CA benefits in another state
They live in Arizona at the time of application
Seasonal Farm Workers
A participant is considered a seasonal farm worker when all of the following conditions are met:
The participant is employed in agricultural work of a temporary nature.
The participant is not required to be away overnight from their permanent place of residence.
The participant is employed doing either of the following:
On a farm or ranch, performing work related to planting, cultivating, or harvesting. This includes loading trucks in the field and all farming activities normally required to plant, harvest, or produce.
The participant performs canning, packing, ginning, seed conditioning and related research or processing operations. The participant is transported to or from work by a day haul operation.
The budgetary unit is considered a seasonal farm worker budgetary unit when any participant is engaged in seasonal farm labor during the approval period.
Seasonal farm worker budgetary units may have income that is averaged on an annual basis or averaged over the period the income is intended to cover. FAA determines how the income is budgeted and whether the seasonal farm worker budgetary unit is destitute.
Seasonal farm workers are exempt from NA work requirements when they meet both of the following criteria:
They are in the work stream
They are under contract to begin work within 30 calendar days
For CA, seasonal farm workers are considered residents of Arizona when both of the following apply:
They live in Arizona at the time of application
They are not receiving CA benefits in another state
Verification
The participant has the primary responsibility for providing verification. (See Participant Responsibilities – Providing Verification for additional policy.)
Verification of Disability
Any of the following can be used to verify disability:
Workers documented observation that the participant has one of the disabilities listed in SSA’s most current list of permanent disabilities.
Statement from a physician or licensed or certified psychologist certifying that the participant has one of the permanent disabilities listed by SSA.
A statement from a qualified medical source.
Documentation from SSA or the Veterans Administration (VA).
Verification of Living Arrangements
Verification of living arrangements includes, and is not limited to any of the following:
Group home records
Landlord
Manager
Neighbors
Other collateral contact sources who know the names of all persons living together
When the previous listed sources are not available, use any of the following secondary sources:
Relatives
Roommates
School records
Verification of two or more separate NA budgetary units includes, and is not limited to any of the following:
A completed and signed official application that includes a listing of all persons who purchase and prepare their food separately from the PI's NA budgetary unit.
A completed and signed Separate Household Status Statement (FAA0255A) form.
A completed and signed Separate Household Statement (F002) notice.
A participant's statement verifying who in the PI's home purchases and prepares food separately from the PI's NA budgetary unit.
Homeless Shelter Expenses
Verification of homeless shelter expenses includes, and is not limited to any of the following:
Receipts from rent and taxes on a motel or hotel room
Receipts from fees paid for a campground space
Vehicle insurance documents
Payment booklet or receipts for a vehicle used as shelter
Separate Household Status Statement (FAA-0255A) form is used to verify separate purchase and prepare when residing with others.
See Providing Verification for different types of verification and how to provide verification.
Legal Authorities
last revised 06/27/2022