DNAP - Definitions
Accessible liquid resources:
Includes cash on hand and funds in accessible checking and savings accounts.
It does not include IRA accounts, disaster insurance payments or disaster assistance received or expected to be received during the benefit period, and payments from federal, state, or local government agencies or disaster assistance organizations. This includes disaster-related Unemployment Compensation.
Deductible disaster-related expenses:
Out-of-pocket expenses that the budgetary unit has paid or expects to pay during the disaster benefit period; however, when the budgetary unit receives or anticipates receiving a reimbursement for these expenses during the disaster period, only the net expense is deductible. If the budgetary unit pays expenses using a credit card and will pay their credit card bill after the disaster benefit period, that expense is not considered out-of-pocket.
Disaster application period:
The period during which the state agency may accept applications for DNAP benefits from new budgetary units and applications for supplements from ongoing budgetary units. The period is usually seven consecutive days. (It is better to request fewer days to administer the DNAP and request an extension if necessary.) The state agency determines with each disaster whether applications are accepted on weekends.
Disaster benefit period:
The budgeting period for the DNAP (only income, resources, and expenses during the benefit period are considered for DNAP eligibility). The benefit period approved by FNS for each DNAP is 30 days, except in extraordinary circumstances. The benefit period begins on the date of the disaster or the date of any mandatory evacuation preceding the disaster.
Disaster gross income limit:
Calculate the maximum gross income limit for the DNAP by adding the total NET income and the Accessible Liquid Resources and then subtract the Disaster Related Expenses.
Inaccessible liquid resources or income:
Liquid resources that are not available to the budgetary unit for a substantial portion of the benefit period (e.g. the bank is closed due to the disaster). Income may be inaccessible when there is a delay in receipt of the income for a substantial portion of the benefit period.
The total net (take-home) pay expected to be received by the budgetary unit during the benefit period. Take-home pay is defined as wages a budgetary unit actually receives after taxes and all other payroll withholding, public assistance payments or other unearned income, and net self-employment income.
Maximum Disaster Benefit
An allotment equal to the maximum monthly allotment established for the regular Nutrition Assistance Program for the appropriate budgetary unit size. States may choose to supplement the regular Nutrition Assistance (NA) benefits of ongoing budgetary units to bring them to the maximum allotment.
When a disaster-affected budgetary unit is approved under the regular NA program, the allotment equals the budgetary unit's regular monthly allotment plus a supplement to bring the budgetary unit's disaster benefit up to the maximum food stamp allotment for the budgetary unit size.
When a disaster-affected budgetary unit was participating in the regular NA program prior to the start of the DNAP received a replacement allotment and was later determined eligible for disaster benefits, the budgetary unit receives only a supplement to bring its allotment up to the maximum NA allotment for the appropriate budgetary unit size.
Budgetary units cannot receive more than one DNAP allotment in any benefit period. If a state operates two programs for two different disasters in the same project area, the state would need to ensure that budgetary units only participate in one program in any benefit period. If a second disaster destroys the benefits obtained from a DNAP serving victims of the first disaster, the budgetary unit may be issued replacement benefits.
Shelter expense deduction:
The maximum standard and shelter expense deductions already incorporated into the disaster eligibility standards. Disaster-related expenses that are not expected to be reimbursed during the 30-day disaster benefit period are allowed.